Endangered Mountain gorillas

Endangered Mountain gorillas
Endangered mountain gorillas

These endangered Mountain gorillas live in the Virunga mountains rangers which includes D.R.Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. Uganda is home to half of the world’s endangered mountain gorillas. These endangered mountain gorillas inhabit Bwindi Impenetrable national park and Mgahinga Gorilla national park. However, there are about 880 mountain gorillas surviving in their natural habitat.

Mountain gorillas are gentle and very shy although they are very strong and powerful. When angry the gorillas usually display ritualized charges by hooting, chest beating, throwing vegetation as well as one leg kick. Mountain gorillas have thicker fur that helps them survive in their cold habitat; where temperatures some times drop so low. mountain gorillas are also highly intelligent apes who use tools such as sticks.

Mountain gorillas are highly social apes that live in groups led by the dominant silver back.  The dominant adult male is the silver back; because of the silver or gray colored hair that develops on their back with age. However, the role of the dominant silver back is to defend the group against any attacks or threats. The silver back also determines the movement of the group leading them to good place to feed and spend a night. The silver back also mediates arising conflicts within the group.

Daily routine of endangered mountain gorillas.

Mountain gorillas are diurnal, they are up by sun rise; and leave their nests to start feeding in the morning. In the afternoon they spend their day resting while the young ones play with the silver back. In the evening each gorilla makes its own nest where it will spend a night. They construct nests using tree branches and leaves. It’s only the baby gorillas which shares the nest with its mother. An adult male gorilla eats up to 34kg while the female eats up to 18kg of vegetation a day. The diet of the mountain gorillas consists of leaves, shoots, stems, barks, flowers and fruits. Gorillas usually climb fruiting trees despite their massive weight.

Mountain gorillas reach maturity at 6 years for the females while the males at 10 years. As the male reach maturity their backs start to turn silver and eventually leave their parental group; and join other males for sometime before attracting females to join them and form a new gorilla family.

Uganda is home to half of the world’s remaining endangered mountain gorilla species. These amazing gentle giants live in Bwindi Impenetrable national park and Mgahinga gorilla national park. Book a gorilla trekking holiday with Twende Expeditions for the ultimate best gorilla trekking experience in Uganda.